Drug addiction treatment in modern medicine

There are several forms of treatment of addicts:


DETOX – a detoxifying treatment usually takes 21 days to clean the body of drugs. This is the initial treatment, after which further treatments are carried out with the aim of abstinence. Detox is usually done with appropriate therapy, painkillers, and infusion so the drugs get cleared from the body. Also, detoxification can be done with substitution therapy, which involves taking methadone during a short period of time (21 days), while reducing the dose of these substitutes.


After the detox, there are carried out further treatments aimed at blocking the receptors for opiates, which involves taking the so-called blockers in the form of tablets, taken every day by the oral route, and then injection-blockers which last from 3 to 6 months that are accepted or popular injection solutions which are used in Russia, which block the receptors for life, but involve a high risk for the patient.


CONSULTING AND PSYCHOTERAPHY – In consultation are used a number of methods and models such as motivation, social learning, overcoming stress and feelings of control, prevention of recurrence (return of drugs) therapy on the social and family level. Psychotherapy is generally a long process with the aim of resolving internal problems and conflicts and establishing significant changes at the psychological level.


PHARMACOTHERAPY – implies the use of prescription drugs to stabilize the state of critically ill patients and to reduce or completely clear the use of certain narcotic substances.


SELF-HELP PROGRAMS – All of these programs are based on the necessary recognition by the patient that he/she is powerless against drugs, that they had lost control of their lives because of drugs. Addict corrects the mistakes of the past and is offered to help others in overcoming addiction problems. It is most commonly implemented by program 12 steps.


HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES INSTITUTIONS – Many patients also need other services such as medical services and mental health institutions, institutions for vocational training, employment and housing, and legal services.


REHABILITATION – the final part of the treatment assumes individual and group support to prevent the return to addictive life. Former addict rehabilitates in order to begin life without drugs as a healthy person.


The goals of treatment


The first and main goal of treatment is to establish abstinence. Unfortunately, many people who are trying to escape from the world of drugs believe that this is the only goal and that therefore the treatment is done. The truth is completely different. This cannot even be called the objective in the true sense of the word because abstinence is a condition without which one cannot start the treatment. Abstinence represents only a short-term goal that should be only the first step towards achieving complete rehabilitation and resocialization. Only by establishing a high quality of abstinence begins a true process of healing, which is the treatment of the psyche and work to change the “personality of the drug” and the drug addict behavior.


The next target is the mitigation or completely remediation of health problems resulting from drug use. The next step is to address the social, occupational and other everyday problems (problems at school, work, etc.). Extremely important activity, which practically starts from the first day of treatment, the work on solving family problems and relationships, as well as improving the relations with the environment.


Only after you achieve all of these goals, then we can say that the life of addicts remained in his past. However, even then, every day is a struggle to stay healthy and away from the vice. The main long-term objective is to beat the addiction and never go back to the life of addicts.

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