Treatment of drug addiction is a long, arduous and complex process, which involves several stages and elements. As there are several levels of the treatment, there are several indicators of the success of healing. Regardless of the disputes justification of the term “cured junkie” and a precise definition, can be considered that the treatment process succeeded if a person does not consume stimuli, especially drugs, if they broke contact with the drug group and left her patterns, values, and habits, if (at least to some extent) renewed old family and interpersonal relationships and create new ones, and if there is some activity,
and to fulfill the obligations (employed, is educated , etc.).
Quitting drugs are still taking place in institutions and under the supervision in order to achieve two important elements: isolation from the environment and monitoring the condition of the patient.
Also, there are four stages that are represented in each of the treatment processes, but the content and the importance is given to each of them differ from the approach. The first stage is the treatment of acute conditions, the second phase is convalescence , the third period is rehabilitation and it is the largest and longest lasting. Finally, the fourth stage is one in which the treatment in the strict sense is complete and includes the monitoring result of the treatment.
Addicts’ stay in monasteries
In addition to the programs in specialized institutions, addicts often turn to religion and the church. In monasteries, they are trying to make the process of rehabilitation and recovery of their physical and spiritual and to bring it to a successful end. They go to the monasteries after the first phase of treatment which they passed on their own or in a hospital.
This practice is also known in Catholic, especially the Franciscan monasteries, some of which are specialized in this type of activity. In Orthodox monasteries, there is no institutionalized nor particularly organized way to help addicts, but the doors are open for those wanting to seek peace. These methods of rehabilitation are often successful, indicating that there is a correlation between religion and successful reintegration and rehabilitation of the individual. In rehabilitation centers, considerable attention was paid to the faith and are the part of the daily prayer activities. In addition to providing insulation by monasteries, religion represents a base, a value system, and a learning, important for drug users in treatment.
Moreover, some therapists themselves and the addicts considered religion very important element of treatment. The most successful treatment programs involve immersion and tight integration in the group, where the toughness cohesion allows religion.
The religious approach to the problem of drug addiction
When we talk about the religious approach we primarily refer to the one which developed in the context of Christianity, especially in the context of the institutionalized Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. There are actually some equalities of these two accesses: as in the understanding of drug addiction and individuals affected by it, as in the regarding relations that are established by such individual , and how he/she solves the problem and what is their place in society.
It is clear that when it comes to drugs, the understanding of this phenomenon does not deviate from the entire system. Thus, addiction is understood as a result of the removal of a man from God, which is subject to sin, which further weakens and makes susceptible every evil.
Religion as a system of ideas that seeks to encompass every aspect of life, both individual and social and aspires to universality, names the difference that among individuals there are not barriers to the adoption of religious ideas. Therefore, it is suitable as a system of values and certain moral norms which therapy group can accept as a whole in order to understand its function, and to prove religion very successful and feasible.